Monday, March 31, 2008

Sad To Hear
A young couple was found dead in Forbes State Forrest in Pennsylvania.
ENNERSTOWN – The bodies of two hikers found at the base of popular climbing rocks have been identified as a Westmoreland County man and woman.

Sara Baum, 24, of Greensburg and Christopher Cardy, 25, of Ligonier died after apparently falling from the cliffs at Beams Rocks, part of Forbes State Forest in Lincoln Township, authorities said Monday.

An autopsy is scheduled for this morning, Somerset County Coroner Wallace Miller said.

State police are asking anyone who may have seen or heard anything while at Beams Rocks between 2 p.m. Saturday and 11 a.m. Sunday to contact the Somerset barracks at 445-4104.
My condolences to their friends and family.
Update: An article about the folks that found the bodies. Police are still investigating including toxicology tests.
Slow Food
The other day I linked to this article about slow food. It seems to have upset some people. Here is the Slow Food USA response. But I really like this response from Kurt Micheal Friese at Gristmill. I just want to highlight a few graphs.

I'm not sure why Mr. Sterling considers these ideas to be so threatening, but the fact is Slow Food couldn't care less what the McDonalds and Monsantos of the world do, until they start to crap where we live. In the meantime, we promote these ideas because we believe them to be good ideas worthy of proliferation and preservation. Food defines who we are as individuals and as cultures. We are truly what we eat, and too many people are fast, cheap and easy. The right of ADM or Monsanto, Applebees or Burger King to swing its arms ends at the tip of the eater's nose. Who owns your food owns you, and it is unwise to let that power rest in the hands of a very few wealthy corporations.[...]
It's being done because, as the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity clearly states:
  • 75% of European food product diversity has been lost since 1900
  • 93% of American food product diversity has been lost in the same time period
  • 33% of livestock varieties have disappeared or are near disappearing
  • 30,000 vegetable varieties have become extinct in the last century, and one more is lost every six hours
  • The mission of the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity is to organize and fund projects that defend our world's heritage of agricultural biodiversity and gastronomic traditions.
  • We envision a new agricultural system that respects local cultural identities, the earth's resources, sustainable animal husbandry, and the health of individual consumers.

And yes, Mr. Sterling, biodiversity must be served. Nature does not function without it and the industrialization and standardization of food and flavors is a direct threat to that diversity. For those who would like to know the true mission (and criteria) of the Foundation for Biodiversity and the Presidia Projects, please click here.

The food supply is going to get interesting.

Still No D Word
But economists are getting closer. Krugman

For example, there was a 2003 photo-op in which officials from multiple agencies used pruning shears and chainsaws to chop up stacks of banking regulations. The occasion symbolized the shared determination of Bush appointees to suspend adult supervision just as the financial industry was starting to run wild.

Oh, and the Bush administration actively blocked state governments when they tried to protect families against predatory lending.

So, will the administration’s plan succeed? I’m not asking whether it will succeed in preventing future financial crises — that’s not its purpose. The question, instead, is whether it will succeed in confusing the issue sufficiently to stand in the way of real reform.

Let’s hope not. As I said, America’s financial crises have been getting bigger. A decade ago, the market disruption that followed the collapse of Long-Term Capital Management was considered a major, scary event; but compared with the current earthquake, the L.T.C.M. crisis was a minor tremor.

If we don’t reform the system this time, the next crisis could well be even bigger. And I, for one, really don’t want to live through a replay of the 1930s.

Read it all.

Craig Stanton of New Zealand is going to walk from the south end of Japan to the north end.

The 27-year-old Takapuna man hiked the Pacific Crest Trail from Mexico to Canada last year, and this time will start at the southern tip of Japan and finish at its northern cape.

His route will take him through mixed terrain and over mountain peaks, including the Japanese Alps.

Mr Stanton says he "didn’t want to sit at his desk all day".

"There are shrines and temples to see and hot springs to sit in. It would be great if there was one at the end of each day walking," he says.

"I’m a bit nervous about the weather. I’ve heard there are cruel winters in the north with drift ice and snow storms."

I googled around and found his websites. It does not appear that there is an Appalachian Trail like Trail that runs through the islands. So he will have to do a lot of rod walk in congested areas. But will hike trails for much of it.

PCT Journal

Japan website with blog.

Sunday, March 30, 2008

British Treasurer has been banned from pubs in the United Kingdom.

British pub landlords have launched a campaign to bar finance minister Alistair Darling from every pub in the land for raising taxes on alcohol in his March 12 budget.

Pub landlord Jason Hughes kicked off the campaign just after the budget came out by placing a spoof poster in the window of his Utopia Bar in Edinburgh, Darling's hometown, barring him from the premises.

Man, Do I have Springer Fever
Springer fever is what happens every spring to the Long Distance hiker. It is time to hike. It is named after Springer Mountain at the begging of the Appalachian Trail.

I just spent far too much time watching John Fegy's videos of His thru-hike last year. I am not sure if I met him or not. The fast kids kind of blur together.

Mahoosuc Notch

White Rocks Sculpture

Lehigh Gap

Do Not Tell Anyone

I liked this. Via gristmill.

Good News
The Bear Mountain section of the Appalachian Trail is being rerouted with sustainable trails.

BEAR MOUNTAIN — Two Appalachian Trails diverged in the woods, and a group of about 15 volunteers yesterday took the one less traveled.

Rather, never yet traveled.

The group is part of a six-year effort to reroute the 3-mile stretch of the 2,147-mile Appalachian Trail extending from Georgia to Maine that cross through Bear Mountain.

Yesterday was the first day of this season's work, which will continue until November.

"The current (Appalachian Trail) that runs through here is very eroded and hard to navigate," said project manager Matt Townsend.

The project is being overseen by the New York-New Jersey Trail Conference and funded by the conference and several other nonprofit groups. It is expected to cost between $1.5 million and $2 million when it's completed in 2012.

The Appalachian Trail portion of the project has already started. It looks like that will be completed first. Major details can be found at the New York-New Jersey Trail Conference Bear Mountain Project page. The section from the Inn to summit is probably the most traveled section of trail, due to proximity to New York City.

And yes, they have a blog.

Saturday, March 29, 2008

Police State
This should be hard to believe,but sadly it is not.

WAUSAU, Wis. (AP) — Cars lining the street. A house full of young people. A keg and drinking games inside. Police thought they had an underage boozing party on their hands.

But though they made dozens of teens take breath tests, none tested positive for alcohol. That's because the keg contained root beer.

The party was held by a high school student who wanted to show that teens don't always drink alcohol at their parties. It has gained fame on

Dustin Zebro, 18, said he staged the party after friends at D.C. Everest High School got suspended from sports because of pictures showing them drinking from red cups.

The root-beer kegger was "to kind of make fun of the school," he said. "They assumed there was beer in the cups. We just wanted to have some root beer in red cups and just make it look like a party, but there actually wasn't any alcohol."

Suspended for drinking out of red cups. Get a life school officials. The police should be able to tell if the kids are drinking. But they had to be assholes.
Nearly 90 breath tests were done, and officers even searched locked rooms for hiding teens.

Friday, March 28, 2008

High School
A school in California has opened to teach about Marijuana.
Welcome to Oaksterdam University, a new trade school where "higher" education takes on a whole new meaning.

The school prepares people for jobs in California's thriving medical marijuana industry. For $200 and the cost of two required textbooks, students learn how to cultivate and cook with cannabis, study which strains of pot are best for certain ailments, and are instructed in the legalities of a business that is against the law in the eyes of the federal government. ''My basic idea is to try to professionalize the industry and have it taken seriously as a real industry, just like beer and distilling hard alcohol,'' said Richard Lee, 45, an activist and pot-dispensary owner who founded the school in a downtown storefront last fall.

Via Libby at Newshoggers, who discuses ways to help the economy with marijuana.
Farmers are getting cut out of price increases.

Whatever the reason, the price for a bushel of grain set in the derivatives markets has been substantially higher than the simultaneous price in the cash market.

When that happens, no one can be exactly sure which is the accurate price in these crucial commodity markets, an uncertainty that can influence food prices and production decisions around the world.

These disparities also raise the question of whether American farmers, who rely almost exclusively on the cash market, are being shortchanged by cash prices that are lower than they should be.

The markets found a way to screw the farmer. Via Avedon at the Sideshow.

McAfee Knob

Night Hike! Article here.
Loans and Leadership
When George W. Bush first ran for the White House, political reporters assured us that he came across as a reasonable, moderate guy.

Yet those of us who looked at his policy proposals — big tax cuts for the rich and Social Security privatization — had a very different impression. And we were right.

The moral is that it’s important to take a hard look at what candidates say about policy. It’s true that past promises are no guarantee of future performance. But policy proposals offer a window into candidates’ political souls — a much better window, if you ask me, than a bunch of supposedly revealing anecdotes and out-of-context quotes.

Which brings me to the latest big debate: how should we respond to the mortgage crisis? In the last few days John McCain, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama have all weighed in. And their proposals arguably say a lot about the kind of president each would be.

Mr. McCain is often referred to as a “maverick” and a “moderate,” assessments based mainly on his engaging manner. But his speech on the economy was that of an orthodox, hard-line right-winger.[...]

Mr. McCain, we’re told, is a straight-talking maverick. But on domestic policy, he offers neither straight talk nor originality; instead, he panders shamelessly to right-wing ideologues.

Read it all.

Thursday, March 27, 2008


The video is of Ritchie Havens sing the song Freedom/Motherless Child.

In honor of Don Siegalman being released from prison. It was Bush league justice that got him convicted.
Small Scale Farming
I think we will need a lot of small scale farming in the future. It can also be a source of jobs in urban areas.
ell him what happened with the sign,” Daniel Ross said to Angel Ortiz at the gate to Nuestras Raíces farm, 30 acres of vegetables, animals, and flowers on the banks of the Connecticut River in Holyoke, Massachusetts. Ortiz, a strapping but shy 18-year-old who helps tend the farm—“the pig whisperer,” Ross calls him—looked down. “It was just a truck!” he said. Then he told the story: “I backed up and it broke on me.” Ross, smiling, stretched out his hand to take Ortiz’s in a long, solid grip. “Angel’s going to be the next mayor of Holyoke,” he said.

Young people run things at Nuestras Raíces (“Our Roots”), the nonprofit agency Ross heads. They’re allowed to screw up and figure out how to fix their own problems. Many agencies around the country encourage similar activities: city gardening, youth training, healthful eating, entrepreneurship. But few have integrated themselves with equal reach and results, or helped rebuild as troubled a community as Holyoke.

It is a good article.


This Is Funny
Here Comes The Sun
Large solar project in California.

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Utility Southern California Edison said on Thursday it would spend $875 million to build a network of 250 megawatts of photovoltaic solar power generation, making it the biggest solar cell project in the nation.[...]

At 250 megawatts, the installation would be about half the size of the newest coal or natural gas-fired power generation units.

So far, companies behind the largest solar projects have favored solar thermal technology, in which parabolic mirrors are used to concentrate sunlight to heat a liquid that drives a power-generating turbine.

Photovoltaic technology converts sunlight directly into electricity inside the solar cells.

On Wednesday, FPL Group Inc, the nation's largest generator of wind and solar power, announced it planned to build a 250-megawatt thermal solar plant in California's Mojave Desert.

SCE said its new photovoltaic project was possible because recent advances had cut in half the traditional cost of installed solar generation in California.

Good news.

McCain Bias
Remember not to trust the media when discussing John McCain.
IT is certainly no secret that Senator John McCain, the presumptive Republican presidential nominee, is a darling of the news media. Reporters routinely attach “maverick,” “straight talker” and “patriot” to him like Homeric epithets. Chris Matthews of MSNBC has even called the press “McCain’s base” — a comment that Mr. McCain himself has jokingly reiterated. The mainstream news media by and large don’t cover Mr. McCain; they canonize him. Hence the moniker on liberal blogs: St. McCain.[...]

Yet the reporters, so quick in general to jump on hypocrisy, seem to find his insincerity a virtue. When an old sobersides like Mitt Romney flip-flops, he is called a panderer. When Mr. McCain suddenly supports the tax cuts he once excoriated, or embraces the religious right, or emphasizes border security over a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants, we are told by his press acolytes that he doesn’t really mean it, that his liberal cosmology will ultimately best his conservative rhetoric. “Discount his repositioning a bit,” Jacob Weisberg, the editor of Slate, wrote two years ago, “and McCain looks like the same unconventional character who emerged during the Clinton years.” The article was subtitled “Psst ... He’s Not Really a Conservative.”

This suggests that love is blind. It also suggests that seducing the press with ironic detachment, the press’s soft spot, may be the best political strategy of all — one that Mr. McCain may walk on water right into the White House.

99 Cents Value Meal
From the New York Times.
So when I heard that the food you can buy at 99-cent stores is more diverse than you might imagine, I decided to conduct an experiment. I’d make dinner every night for a week using mostly ingredients bought at these stores and then, on the eighth night — once I’d gotten my game down — I’d prepare a meal for friends made only from ingredients bought at 99-cent stores.[...]
I trod more carefully when it came to meat — though the $4.99 Al Fresco chicken sausage that I tossed with some peas and farfalle one night was fine, I found myself neatly dodging the 99-cent ham cubes and the frozen fillets of tilapia and salmon, subconsciously putting them on my list of things I want to pay full freight for (surgery, sushi).

It is a fun article. It reminded me of Steve Don't Eat That.

There aren't too many products that feel the need to reassure you that they are, in fact, "food." Already not a good sign.

The list of ingredients is long and horrifying, coming right out of the gate with "MECHANICALLY SEPARATED CHICKEN." Oddly enough, I'm about to be separated from my lunch, and I haven't even opened the can yet.

Other ingredients include BEEF TRIPE, BEEF HEARTS, AND "PARTIALLY DE-FATTED COOKED PORK FATTY TISSUE" How does one de-fat fat? Bizarre. God knows what else is in here.

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Slow Food

As a nonprofit heritage organization, the Slow Food empire retains a mere 150 full-time employees with a modest budget of $37 million a year. Yet Slow Food has invented the modern Italian food-heritage industry. Today it is a thriving ganglion of local chapters, called convivia, which number about 83,000 people in more than 100 countries. It’s also a publishing house specializing in tourist guidebooks, restaurant recipes, and heritage reprints.

The group is the suave host for massive international food events in Torino. Other Slow Food emanations include a hotel, various nonprofit foundations, and—in a particularly significant development—a private college. The University of Gastronomic Sciences, founded in 2004, is the training ground for 200-plus international Slow Food myrmidons per year, who are taught to infiltrate farms, groceries, heritage tourism, restaurants, commercial consortia, hotel chains, catering companies, product promotion, journalism, and government. These areas are, of course, where Slow Food already lives.[...]
The cleverest innovation to date is the network’s presidium system. The Slow Food “presidia” make up a grassroots bottom-up version of the European “Domain of Control” system, which requires, for instance, that true “champagnes” must come from the province of Champagne, while lesser fizzy brews are labeled mere “sparkling wines.” These presidia have made Slow Food the planetary paladin of local production. Slow Food deploys its convivia to serve as talent scouts for food rarities (such as Polish Mead, the Istrian Giant Ox, and the Tehuacan Amaranth). Candidate discoveries are passed to Slow Food’s International Ark Commission, which decides whether the foodstuff is worthy of inclusion. Its criteria are strict: (a) Is the product nonglobalized or, better yet, inherently nonglobalizable? (b) Is it artisanally made (so there’s no possibility of any industrial economies of scale)? (c) Is it high-quality (the consumer “wow” factor)? (d) Is it sustainably produced? (Not only is this politically pleasing, but it swiftly eliminates competition from most multinationals.) (e) Is this product likely to disappear from the planet otherwise? (Biodiversity must be served!)

MMM! Food. When I stayed at Moon In The Pond Farm the food was slow and good.
Help Stop Crime
I always get a big kick out of it when one of the the big bloggers, a congressman or a senator e-mails me. Today, I got an e-mail from Jane Hamshire of Firedoglake and Kos of dailykos. It seems John McCain is breaking the law on a daily basis. He agreed to FEC spending limits and has now spent more a criminal act. Please sign this petition.
Tengrain Presents
Tengrain at Mock Paper Scissors presents The Miracle of Chimpy's Economy. It is better if you click the link.
Rausch Gap

cemetary, originally uploaded by cheflovesbeer.

This is a picture of the sign to the cemetery in this article about the Rausch Gap Bridge being closed.

here’s not much left of the village of Rausch Gap. There’s an old cemetery a short distance off the trail in the woods, but it’s hard to find among the tall trees.

Watts said the bridge was damaged by Hurricane Ivan in 2004.

Rausch Gap was one of a handful of small coal-mining towns that sprung up in Stony Valley during the 1800s. It was once connected to the Susquehanna River by the railroad and was home to about 1,000 residents who worked in the mines or in railroad shops.

Now a ghost town, Rausch Gap is one of the many stops along the 2,175-mile Appalachian Trail, with a shelter there for overnight campers.

Joseph Romm at Gristmill.

The Toronto Star reported an alarming factoid earlier this month:

No gasoline-powered car assembled in North America would meet China's current fuel-efficiency standard.

That's mainly because:

  1. Currently, their standard is much higher than ours.
  2. Their standard is a minimum-allowable efficiency standard rather than a "fleet-average" standard like ours.
  3. Our lame car companies don't make their (relatively few) most efficient vehicles in this country.
We will not have any car companies left if we do not force them to do the right thing.
I was reading this article about the Pinhoti extension to the Appalachian Trail and wanted to highlight this.

Just like any hobby or sport, there are purists. The Appalachian Trail runs from Springer Mountain, Ga., to Mount Katahdin, Maine, and that's that. And honestly, that's what it will always be. No matter how many trails connect to the Appalachian Trail, that 2,000-mile long footpath will always be the Appalachian Trail.

Benton MacKaye's vision was for an "extension" into Alabama. This connection of the Pinhoti Trail to the Appalachian Trail facilitates MacKaye's plan. If through-hikers want to hike the complete length of the Appalachian range, they need to come to Alabama to do it. If they want the traditional Appalachian Trail experience, then they can start at Springer Mountain. The only thing that has changed is the option of where the hiker can start the trip.

The sentence in bold type will be the talk of the trail this season. I remember Rusty of Rusty's Hard Time Hollow saying "Katahdin isn't going anywhere but Springer might."

I am going to see what the folks at Whiteblaze think.

Bridge Out
The bridge over Rausch Creek on the Appalachian Trail has been closed.
A 154-year-old bridge on the Appalachian Trail in northern Lebanon County has been closed after a partial collapse of its foundation.

The Rausch Gap Bridge was closed by the state Game Commission after recent flooding damaged the bridge. The stone-arch bridge was built in 1854 and once carried the Schuylkill & Susquehanna Railroad across the creek. The roadbed is now a 19-mile-long rail-trail that traverses State Game lands 211, known locally as St. Anthony’s Wilderness, from east to west.[...]

She said the Appalachian Trail Conservancy has been made aware of the bridge’s closing.

“We’re going to be trying to work with them to establish a detour,” Trewella said.

Although the closure will present an inconvenience, hikers determined to get across the creek, which is a tributary of Stony Creek, shouldn’t have a problem.

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Appalachian Trail

Some pictures of me on the Appalachian Trail over the years.
Free Ride
Kevin Drum On John McCain And the press.
Let's recap. Foreign policy cred lets him get away with wild howlers on foreign policy. Fiscal integrity cred lets him get away with outlandishly irresponsible economic plans. Anti-lobbyist cred lets him get away with pandering to lobbyists. Campaign finance reform cred lets him get away with gaming the campaign finance system. Straight talking cred lets him get away with brutally slandering Mitt Romney in the closing days of the Republican primary. Maverick uprightness cred allows him to get away with begging for endorsements from extremist religious leaders like John Hagee. "Man of conviction" cred allows him to get away with transparent flip-flopping so egregious it would make any other politician a laughingstock. Anti-torture cred allows him to get away with supporting torture as long as only the CIA does it.

Remind me again: where does all this cred come from? And what window do Democrats go to to get the same treatment the press gives McCain?

Atrios is on the case too.


Here's the thing. It's not just McCain. They let Reagan and Junior get away with it too. The media allow Republicans to speak nonsense to the public all the time and don't challenge them. Meanwhile Democrats are derided for being dishonest, boring eggheads who can't be trusted.

The Republican nominee just spoke in classic Bushian gibberish on the nation's most pressing issue and everyone will call it straight talk. This is a problem and it's bigger than St John.

What War?
The media has decided to disappear the war that John McCain wants to keep going for a hundred years.
Since the start of last year, the Project for Excellence in Journalism, a part of the nonprofit Pew Research Center, has tracked reporting by several dozen major newspapers, cable stations, broadcast television networks, Web sites and radio programs. Iraq accounted for 18 percent of their prominent news coverage in the first nine months of 2007, but only 9 percent in the following three months, and 3 percent so far this year.

Why report on something that makes McCain look bad.

Monday, March 24, 2008

Once More
This time with feeling. From paradox at the Left Coaster.
De-regulation has been a central tenet of Republican orthodoxy for thirty years, they bludgeoned the public into accepting private profit for socialized losses and when it turns out they’re total charlatans who—automatically, somehow—get bailed out with tens of billions of our…money…Democratic candidates for President of the United States have no comment?

Read it all. It is a good rant. Via Avedon at the Sideshow.
Hiking Can Be Dangerous
A University of Richmond law student fell to his death.

A law student at the University of Richmond died Saturday afternoon after he fell off a cliff during a hiking trip to the popular Crabtree Falls, relatives said yesterday.

Robert Slimak, 26, was on a weekend camping trip with a group of Virginia Commonwealth University alumni when he slid down a rock and fell about 150 feet, said his sister Katherin Crossling.

My condolences to his friends and family. Some safe hiking tips from the US Forrest service.

Update: More information about the incident and family.

Forward Thinking
Something Americas leaders have not been accused of. Wasting billions on illegal wars, they have been accused. The Germans, on the other hand, are working hard to integrate solar into their power grid.

Researchers will be sharing data and expertise to speed up the market introduction of large-scale solar thermal plants. The plants could supply up to 200 megawatts (MW) of electricity and desalinate water for 50,000 people.

Electricity from solar thermal plants could cost as little as €0.04/kilowatt hour (kWh) [US $0.06/kWh] by 2015 to 2020, Bernhard Milow from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) said. And using solar thermal power to desalinate seawater could cost the same.

"The technology and science is all there. It's just a question of transferring that knowledge to those who have the sunshine and optimizing the technology to make it competitive," Milow said.

Electricity from solar thermal plants currently costs €0.20 to 0.30/kWh [US $0.31 to 0.47/kWh], depending on the location of the plant and the amount of sunshine it receives. But with improvements in the performance of plants and better sites, solar thermal electricity could soon be cheaper than coal, and so generate huge amounts of reliable, clean electricity in hot desert regions, Milow said.

Even factoring in high steel prices and other costs, a kWh of electricity could still be as low as €0.06-0.07/kWh [US $0.09-0.11/kWh] if the power plants are in prime locations, Milow said.

That is cheaper than coal now. But if you add the future cost of coal burning it is far more competitive than coal. From Gristmill.

Federal legislation has been introduced that would have the net impact of taxing carbon. If any of the proposals are adopted, utility companies and their customers will pay far more for energy which produces carbon. It will also require spending billions on equipment to clean the atmosphere as thoroughly as possible. Building additional coal plants now is likely to create a significant economic liability for Kansas in the future.

Note that this is not an environmental argument. You don't have to care about climate change to see its logic. Events are likely to conspire to sharply increase the price of coal. You build two new dirty coal plants and you're hanging them around your own neck for the next 50 years. That's short-sighted.

Just think how much solar power we could have if we invested the war money in solar projects. We need forward thinking politicians to force the issue.
Taming The Beast

We’re now in the midst of an epic financial crisis, which ought to be at the center of the election debate. But it isn’t.

Now, I don’t expect presidential campaigns to have all the answers to our current crisis — even financial experts are scrambling to keep up with events. But I do think we’re entitled to more answers, and in particular a clearer commitment to financial reform, than we’re getting so far.

In truth, I don’t expect much from John McCain, who has both admitted not knowing much about economics and denied having ever said that. Anyway, lately he’s been busy demonstrating that he doesn’t know much about the Middle East, either.

Yet the McCain campaign’s silence on the financial crisis has disappointed even my low expectations.

Read it all.

Sunday, March 23, 2008

Daren Gets A Trail Name
Daren Wendell who is attempting to walk around the world got named by the Appalachian Trail community.

Trail Name: Everyone one who is thru-hiking (GA - Maine) is usually given a trail name. You don't get to pick your trail name for it is usually given to you when you do something stupid or telling some type of story or even from things you have done before you got on the trail. I have a friend that received his trail name "Applicator" because he was walking down the trail one day and picked up what he thought to be chap stick and threw it at is friend and his friend said.. "dude..thats a tampon" other trail names I heard are "free hugs" ..."Bag Lady" "Mary Poppins" "Walgreens" "357" (I heard it is because he carries a 357 magnum in his backpack) ..nice "Brushstrokes" "Last Minute" and "Fish" are just to name a few.

My trail name is "Vagabond" I looked up the definition and here is what I got:

  1. 1: A person without a permanent home who moves from place to place.
  2. 2: A vagrant; a tramp.
  3. 3: A wanderer; a rover.

I think I will pick number 1 and 3. I don't feel homeless but I guess if you get technical I don't own a house or rent an apartment. I am homeless!...I just happen to have a website

Vagabond should embrace number 2. Admit it your just tramping around.

Vive La McCain

For a few bucks he helped airbus get a contract. Too bad he could not help the American company. Vive la McCain, John McCain.
Yellowstone Bison

Bull Bison Yellowstone N.P., originally uploaded by rlw5663.

The bison that leave Yellowstone National Park are being killed at a record pace this year.

At first light on Tuesday, at the end of a closed road, past a boneyard of junk cars, trailers and old cabins, more than 60 of the park’s wild bison were being loaded on a semi-trailer to be shipped to a slaughterhouse.

With heavy snow still covering the park’s vast grasslands, hundreds of bison have been leaving Yellowstone in search of food at lower elevations. A record number of the migrating animals — 1,195, or about a quarter of the park’s population — have been killed by hunters or rounded up and sent to slaughterhouses by park employees. The bison are being killed because they have ventured outside the park into Montana and some might carry a disease called brucellosis, which can be passed along to cattle.

The large-scale culling, which is expected to continue through April, has outraged groups working to preserve the park’s bison herds, considered by scientists to be the largest genetically pure population in the country. It has also led to an angry exchange between Montana state officials and the federal government over a stalled agreement to create a haven for the bison that has not received the needed federal financing.

“When they leave the park they have nowhere to go,” said Gov. Brian Schweitzer of Montana, a Democrat. “This agreement would have given them a place to go.”

A 1.5 million dollar appropriation was killed by Montana's republican congressman.

Saturday, March 22, 2008

127 pounds
GoLite founder Demetri "Coup" Coupounas is going to hike on the Appalachian Trail for 40 days without resupply.
At sunset tonight, Demetri “Coup” Coupounas, the president and co-founder of GoLite, with the weight equivalent of a small person strapped to his back, will set out to hike the Appalachian Trail. For 40 days and 40 nights, Coup will take the classic American pilgrimage—with no re-supply—as an elaborate field test of GoLite’s products. While 127 pounds (eight of them are chocolate!) is, to most, not a particularly light cargo, his journey is meant to affirm the company’s core values—that the outdoors is a lot more fun once you take a load off. He’s commemorating the 10th anniversary of GoLite, which he founded with his wife and late father, while hoping that by the end of his trip, on April 30, he will have broken the current 620-mile World Alpine Style Backpacking Distance record by at least a couple hundred miles.

He is carrying a charger so I guess he can go into town. Not to many electrical outlets on the trail. So, why carry all the food. He has maps for 1,100 miles. It is the Appalachian Trail. You do not need maps. But, hey what do I know? Best of luck to you Coup.
Blog Against Theocracy

BAT logo, originally uploaded by flangum.

It is blog against theocracy weekend. It is important to keep the separation of church and state. The founders of this nation knew how divisive religion could be. Maryland my home state was founded by Catholics who were thrown out of England because the were not the right kind of Christians. Do we really want to argue over Transubstantiation and Consubstantiation again? Me, I opted out of the cannibalism: ritual or otherwise.

Blog Against Theocracy and First Freedom First are good resources for the separation of church and state.

Friday, March 21, 2008

Friday Bird Feeder Blogging

cardinal flight.JPG, originally uploaded by cheflovesbeer.

It was about to land on the feeder.

Full Moon

Full moon. Vernal equinox. I have Springer fever.

Party Like Its 1929

The answer, at a fundamental level, is that we’re paying the price for willful amnesia. We chose to forget what happened in the 1930s — and having refused to learn from history, we’re repeating it.

Contrary to popular belief, the stock market crash of 1929 wasn’t the defining moment of the Great Depression. What turned an ordinary recession into a civilization-threatening slump was the wave of bank runs that swept across America in 1930 and 1931.

This banking crisis of the 1930s showed that unregulated, unsupervised financial markets can all too easily suffer catastrophic failure.

Read it all.

Socialized Compensation
A New York Times Editorial.
But that’s not how it works. The ongoing bailout of the financial system by the Federal Reserve underscores the extent to which financial barons socialize the costs of private bets gone bad. Not a week goes by that the Fed doesn’t inaugurate a new way to provide liquidity — meaning money — to the financial system. Bear Stearns isn’t enormous. It doesn’t take deposits from the public. Yet the Fed believed that letting it implode could unleash a domino effect among other banks, and the Fed provided a $30 billion guarantee for JPMorgan to snap it up.

Once again, a bail out for the rich.

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Bread Moon Rising
Bread prices are and will continue to rise. Read this from the Ethicurean.

Around the world there’s growing talk about food crisis as grain prices soar and supplies plummet. They’re talking food riots. And the American Bakers Association marched on Washington.

Meanwhile, in the breadbasket of the nation (a.k.a. Kansas), the price of bread rose yesterday in its best-known bakery, WheatFields. Nobody rioted.

It is a good article please read it all.

Twenty percent of the worlds population does not have safe drinking water.
PARIS (AFP) - A world without fresh water would be a world bereft of humans, and yet one in five people lacks regular access to this most basic of life-sustaining substances.

By 2025, fully a third of the planet's growing population could find itself scavenging for safe drinking water, the United Nations has warned ahead of World Water Day on Saturday.

More than two million people in developing countries -- the vast majority children -- die every year from diseases associated with unsanitary water.

There are a number of interlocking causes for this scourge.

Global economic growth, population pressures and the rise of mega-cities have all driven water use to record levels.

Mexico City, Jakarta and Bangkok, to name a few, have underground water sources -- some of them nonrenewable -- depleting at alarming rates.

Lets throw in some global warming and see what happens.

But even as scientists and governments look for ways to satisfy a thirsty world, another threat looms on the horizon: global warming.

Rising sea levels are already forcing salt water into aquifers beneath megadeltas that are home to tens of millions, and changing weather patterns are set to intensify droughts in large swathes of Africa, southern Europe and Asia, according to UN's Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC).

I think rich nations may be able to fix there drinking water problems. Some of the poor ones may have trouble.

Wednesday, March 19, 2008

Bad News
Hiker Devin Ossman was found dead in Mt Rainier National Park.
Also, the hiker found in The San Bernadino's was identified.

Other hikers spotted the body of William Lyall Spearman about 8 a.m. Monday in a mountainous area known as the Big Horn Sheep Reserve and notified Cathedral City police, said Sgt. David Florez of the Riverside County Sheriff's Department.

Due to the terrain, the county Desert Search and Rescue team and the sheriff's Aviation Unit were summoned to recover the body.

The rescue party had to hike into the canyons and climb roughly 75 feet, Florez said, adding that the body was transported out of the area in a sheriff's helicopter.

An initial investigation determined that the hiker may have have died of natural causes, he said.

My condolences to their friends and families.

Bees On A Truck

A truck carrying 12 million bees crashed in CA.

t was a stinging revelation on State Route 99 in Sacramento, California yesterday: mixing 12 million honeybees, a top-heavy tractor trailer and a tight freeway on-ramp makes a painfully sticky mess that will quickly bring traffic to a halt.

With an estimated 440 bee hives smashed on the side of the highway, and millions of stressed-out bees buzzing wildly and looking for victims, disaster was thankfully averted by a group of beekeepers who happened upon the accident (there's never a cop when you need one, but apparently beekeepers are readily available). Once their hives were re-assembled on another flatbed, the tiny insects made a bee-line for the shelter and, sweet ending in sight, began to bee-have themselves once again. Thanks to everyone who bugged us about the story.

Does this type of thing help cause Colony Collapse Disorder? It can not be good for the bees.

Hat tip clusterflock

Corporate Welfare
E J Dionne at the Washington Post

Never do I want to hear again from my conservative friends about how brilliant capitalists are, how much they deserve their seven-figure salaries and how government should keep its hands off the private economy.

The Wall Street titans have turned into a bunch of welfare clients. They are desperate to be bailed out by government from their own incompetence, and from the deregulatory regime for which they lobbied so hard. They have lost "confidence" in each other, you see, because none of these oh-so-wise captains of the universe have any idea what kinds of devalued securities sit in one another's portfolios.

So they have stopped investing. The biggest, most respected investment firms threaten to come crashing down. You can't have that. It's just fine to make it harder for the average Joe to file for bankruptcy, as did that wretched bankruptcy bill passed by Congress in 2005 at the request of the credit card industry. But the big guys are "too big to fail," because they could bring us all down with them.

Enter the federal government, the institution to which the wealthy are not supposed to pay capital gains or inheritance taxes. Good God, you don't expect these people to trade in their BMWs for Saturns, do you?

They are leaches. Via dday at Hullabaloo.

It would be nice to have high speed rail service from DC to RI. I saw this at Tree Hugger and wanted to post it. How we spend tax dollars is important.

8,555 -- Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on defense.

10,779 -- Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on health care.

17,687 -- Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on education.

19,795 -- Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on public transportation.

Hiker Missing
Mt Rainier National Park

Devin Ossman, 45, is thought to have hiked into the Kautz Creek drainage area. His car was found Monday just before dark, and a check of his license plate number showed he had already been reported missing, a park spokeswoman said.

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Who You Gonna Call?

Nouriel is right: this is the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression, and the Fed, with the best will in the world, probably lacks the tools to deal with it. Broader action is necessary.

But then comes the question: who ya gonna call?

The Gang That Couldn’t think Straight still holds the White House; no good ideas will come from that quarter. Worse, Incurious George would probably veto any sensible plan from Congress, even if said plan could get past a filibuster.

Hey, here’s an idea! Let’s create a nonpartisan expert commission, headed by Alan Gr …. oh, wait. He’s part of the problem. In fact, is there any way we can repossess his book royalties?

Seriously, it’s very hard to see who can take charge.

Things fall apart, and the center doesn’t exist.

Chinook Salmon Disappear
Chinook Salmon did not return to the Sacramento River this year.

The Chinook salmon that swim upstream to spawn in the fall, the most robust run in the Sacramento River, have disappeared. The almost complete collapse of the richest and most dependable source of Chinook salmon south of Alaska left gloomy fisheries experts struggling for reliable explanations — and coming up dry.

Whatever the cause, there was widespread agreement among those attending a five-day meeting of the Pacific Fisheries Management Council here last week that the regional $150 million fishery, which usually opens for the four-month season on May 1, is almost certain to remain closed this year from northern Oregon to the Mexican border. A final decision on salmon fishing in the area is expected next month.

There are some guesses.

“It’s unprecedented that this fishery is in this kind of shape,” said Donald McIsaac, executive director of the council, which is organized under the auspices of the Commerce Department.

Fishermen think the Sacramento River was mismanaged in 2005, when this year’s fish first migrated downriver. Perhaps, they say, federal and state water managers drained too much water or drained at the wrong time to serve the state’s powerful agricultural interests and cities in arid Southern California. The fishermen think the fish were left susceptible to disease, or to predators, or to being sucked into diversion pumps and left to die in irrigation canals.

But federal and state fishery managers and biologists point to the highly unusual ocean conditions in 2005, which may have left the fingerling salmon with little or none of the rich nourishment provided by the normal upwelling currents near the shore.

It could be natural, perhaps a global warming change. Or it could be mismanagement. I can definitely believe that some loyal Bushie diverted water to another loyal Bushie.

It Is Getting Cold

Lion King is trekking through Iowa in the cold. I do not think I would enjoy that too much.

Monday, March 17, 2008

Life Imitates Art
Abba drummer found dead in garden.

A former drummer for the Swedish pop band ABBA was found dead with cuts to his neck in the garden of his house on the Spanish island of Mallorca. Police said Monday an autopsy showed it was an accident.

A neighbor found the body of 62-year-old Ola Brunkert on Sunday evening at his house in a coastal area outside the eastern town of Arta, a Civil Guard spokesman told The Associated Press on condition of anonymity.

He said an autopsy was carried out and confirmed initial investigations. "It was an accident," he said.

From the movie This Is Spinal Tap.

Keep America Beautiful
Trek Against Trash. Jordan Price and Carlie Tucker are going to hike the Appalachian Trail to raise money to Keep America Beautiful. Article with video. When I hike I try to pick up at least one peice of trash every day. I'm sure I have left some behind. I want the wilderness to be better after I walk through it.
I think we should let the banks fail. Krugman

Bear, in other words, deserved to be allowed to fail — both on the merits and to teach Wall Street not to expect someone else to clean up its messes.

But the Fed rode to Bear’s rescue anyway, fearing that the collapse of a major investment bank would cause panic in the markets and wreak havoc with the wider economy. Fed officials knew that they were doing a bad thing, but believed that the alternative would be even worse.

As Bear goes, so will go the rest of the financial system. And if history is any guide, the coming taxpayer-financed bailout will end up costing a lot of money.

The U.S. savings and loan crisis of the 1980s ended up costing taxpayers 3.2 percent of G.D.P., the equivalent of $450 billion today. Some estimates put the fiscal cost of Japan’s post-bubble cleanup at more than 20 percent of G.D.P. — the equivalent of $3 trillion for the United States.

If these numbers shock you, they should. But the big bailout is coming. The only question is how well it will be managed.

As I said, the important thing is to bail out the system, not the people who got us into this mess. That means cleaning out the shareholders in failed institutions, making bondholders take a haircut, and canceling the stock options of executives who got rich playing heads I win, tails you lose.

According to late reports on Sunday, JPMorgan Chase will buy Bear for a pittance. That’s an O.K. resolution for this case — but not a model for the much bigger bailout to come. Looking ahead, we probably need something similar to the Resolution Trust Corporation, which took over bankrupt savings and loan institutions and sold off their assets to reimburse taxpayers. And we need it quickly: things are falling apart as you read this.

Read it all.

Update: A couple of good rants about the bailout I found at Avedon's Sideshow.


Couldn't Bear Stearns just get a job, already? I mean, I know of six or seven places that are hiring. I don't know what they pay, but surely it would be enough to keep them in sneakers and Xbox games.

I mean, just last week I heard that when we bailed out the airlines, jewelry sales at Wal-Mart went up 1400 percent. I didn't see it myself, but my cousins told me they heard it from somebody who knows somebody who works there, and it was like Christmas morning when those government checks cleared. What can you expect, really, from people trained in government dependency, I guess, but it still pisses me off, because that's my money. Fucking leeches.

Ruth at cab drollery, The market played, you lost.

profits are privatized and losses are socialized

CNN tried in vain to find an Iraqi that supported John McCain. It seems the Iraqi people know what is best for them. The 2008 presidential election is a matter of life and death for the Iraqis. They do not want a republican.

Also while McCain was in Iraq CNN tried to go to the market that was a sign of Iraqi progress a year ago. It was too dangerous.

Sunday, March 16, 2008

Drug Prices
Micheal at Econospeak pointed out this article about expensive drugs. Some doctors are cutting the dose because the drug is so expensive. One doctor even went so far as to call it economic malpractice. It can cost as much as $400,000 dollars a year for some drugs.
With Cerezyme, which is made by Genzyme, the profits are sizable. Gaucher disease, which can have complications like ruined joints, is rare; only about 1,500 people in the United States are on the drug and about 5,000 worldwide. Sales of Cerezyme totaled $1.1 billion last year, making it a blockbuster by industry standards.

Wow, $1.1 billion. I guess they have to pay for research to make the drug. Except, your tax dollars paid for it.
But critics say the company’s development costs were minimal, because the early work on the treatment was done by the National Institutes of Health, which gave Genzyme a contract to manufacture it. And analysts estimate the current cost of manufacturing the drug to be only about 10 percent of its price.

Again, wow, that is one hell of a mark up. One would think that insurance companies would want to keep prices down. They do not. They pass it along to their customers.
Ms. Mangum began treatment in 2000, at a cost of more than $400,000 a year. The next year, the premiums for everyone in her insurance pool went up by $180 a month.
I would rather have the profits from $400,000 rather than $40,000 too. It would have been nice if the reporter, Andrew Pollack, did some reporting on weather the critics were right or not. He is after all a reporter. Instead he went with what the corporation most likely lies and critics most likely truths. But we do not know.
Lawless George
A New York Times Editorial. This is what the FISA bill is all about.

Finally, Mr. Bush said it was vital to national security to give amnesty to any company that turned over data on Americans without a court order. The purpose of this amnesty is not to protect national secrets — that could be done during a trial — but to make sure that the full damage to Americans’ civil liberties is never revealed. Mr. Bush also objects to a provision that would create a committee to examine his warrantless spying program.

Mr. Bush wanted the House to approve the Senate’s version of the bill, which includes Mr. Bush’s amnesty and does not do nearly as good a job of preserving Americans’ rights. We were glad the House ignored his bluster. If the Senate cannot summon the courage and good sense to follow suit, there is no rush to pass a law.

The president will continue to claim the country is in grave danger over this issue, but it is not. The real danger is for Mr. Bush. A good law — like the House bill — would allow Americans to finally see the breathtaking extent of his lawless behavior.

Read it all.

Naughty Trail Stories
It seems they got cut :(

This week’s Play column is about Sarasota’s Bill Walker, who wrote a hiking book: “SKYWALKER: Close Encounters on the Appalachian Trail.”

Walker told me he had to cut lots of things out of the book, for space, including some naughty bits about life on the trail. There was this fiftysomething guy on the trail who was in the habit of asking female hikers for, um, favors.

Then there was the hiker called Stilts who was more successful in romancing women on the Appalachian Trail. The next day, though, he would hike away at a rapid pace.

“He was known as the most dangerous man on the trail,” Walker said, laughing. “He left behind a trail of tears.”

I guess if I ever write a book about the Appalachian Trail, I will have to write really well about that couple who were having sex in the shelter next to me last year. It was not the first time people having sex woke me up on the Appalachian Trail either.

I googled around and found an article about the hiker and his book. Definitely worth a read. It turns out I met him when I was staying with the Twelve Tribes in Rutland VT in 2006. He was hiking the long trail. I bet it is a good read.

In "SKYWALKER," Walker writes of mock struggles with size-14 boots, extra-long sleeping bags and hostel beds that are way too short. He found it easy to step over trees lying across the trail, but hard to duck under low branches.

Much more serious were his bouts with hypothermia.

At nearly 7 feet tall and barely 200 pounds, Walker didn't carry much insulating fat on his lean frame. He struggled to keep his body warm on mountaintop trails.

On one of his first nights, a cold, driving rain battered his lightweight tarp.

"All the concerns and paranoia of the last few hours morphed into a full-fledged fear for my life," Walker wrote. "As cold as I was, I didn't think I could survive a night exposed to these elements."

This Amazon review gave the book a good review.

Saturday, March 15, 2008

Tough Week For Hikers
A hiker fell and died in the Red River Gorge in KY.

earch and rescue crews spent about five hours overnight searching for 29-year-old Donnie Rogers of Irvine, before they recovered his body. Officials confirm that marijuana was found on his body.

It's believed he fell more than 200 feet to his death in the Chimney Rock area of the gorge.

A woman fell in HI while hiking.

Police said the woman was trying to walk over the first stream crossing with several friends on Loop Road at about 6 p.m. when she slipped and fell into the river, impaling her lower right leg on a piece of steel reinforcing bar that was hidden beneath the surface of the water. Police, fire and medical personnel freed the victim from the rebar.

A hiker was rescued in AZ.

A missing hiker was found injured and dehydrated after spending at least 12 hours stranded on Piestewa Peak, Phoenix police officers said.

Ryan Williams, 29, was located in a precarious part of the mountain away from the normal hiking trails, said detective Reuben M. Gonzales of the Phoenix Police Department.

And in TN
David Gilbert, 23, of Cypress Creek Apartments, Cookeville, suffered a leg injury while hiking at the bottom of a steep hillside in Cumberland Cove about 4:30 p.m. Monday, according to Putnam Emergency Management Agency Director Tyler Smith.

First Update
Daren Wendell has updated his blog. He is on a trek around the world the first leg started at North Georgia College and University just south of the Appalachian Trail.
However, politics won't be a problem this summer on the Appalachian Trail. There Wendelle intends to travel 15 miles a day, camp where he can and then dine on plenty of pasta at night.

He plans to continue hiking until he reaches Nova Scotia. Then he will hop a plane and head for Portugal.

There he plans to hike in a northeastern direction through Europe. This will take him through China and then Russia.

There is a picture of him with his pack. Looks heavy. I say that as a hiker that carries more than the average long distance hiker. But seems in good spirits.


Lion King is in Iowa For Thanksgiving. On this episode of his American Discovery Trail adventure. His Website and Trail Journal.

Friday, March 14, 2008

Ate The BBQ
After reading these two articles by Common Nonsense. I became incensed. For those that do not know John McCain held a BBQ for the press. No cameras please. Off the record. Puts them up in a nice resort. With massages no less. It looks almost as if he were bribing the press to write favorably about him. The press that already considers itself to be John McCain's base.

I propose a term be used for the press that covers McCain. When they repeat uncritically what he says the reporter should be said to have "Ate the BBQ"

Via Majikthise.
Call For Help?
When is the right time to call for help? It can be a tough call. Lost, scarred, cold, snow storm. Nathan Freund got lost in January. Here is his story.

n January 22, 2008, I set out for a solo backpacking trip to summit Ontario Peak of the Cucamonga Wilderness. I was rescued by Search and Rescue Forces from the San Bernardino Mountains after a U.S. Air Force satellite detected my distress signal from my Personal Locator Beacon. It was the first successful rescue of this kind in California: One initiated from a legitimate activation of a personal EPIRP carried by a recreational hiker.

I had spent months staring into the snow-capped mountain range from the Claremont roads as I drove to school everyday. My third attempt to summit this season began on a clear Sunday morning. After hiking a mile above the city, I set up camp on top of Big Horn Peak. I woke up the next morning to see clouds covered everything below me.

Nothing in my previous experience told me I was in danger as I continued to climb toward my destination, though fowl weather was approaching. After a successful summit, my descent was blurred by a snowstorm and dense fog. Multiple attempts to descend failed. I was forced to fight my way back to base camp, my last familiar location, in knee- to waist-deep snow. A 15-minute panic ride down the wrong side of the mountain cost me two hours of valuable time to climb back up to the ridgeline where I regained my bearings.

He called for help at that point. But ended up walking out. I do not have all the fancy techno gadgets. I would have to get out on my own. Of course, winter camping is not really my thing.
Friday Bird Feeder Blogging

deer birdfeeder.JPG, originally uploaded by cheflovesbeer.

It is not a bird but I did not get a good picture this week.

Betting the Bank
Paul Krugman on the financial meltdown.
Four years ago, an academic economist named Ben Bernanke co-authored a technical paper that could have been titled “Things the Federal Reserve Might Try if It’s Desperate” — although that may not have been obvious from its actual title, “Monetary Policy Alternatives at the Zero Bound: An Empirical Investigation.”

Today, the Fed is indeed desperate, and Mr. Bernanke, as its chairman, is putting some of the paper’s suggestions into effect. Unfortunately, however, the Bernanke Fed’s actions — even though they’re unprecedented in their scope — probably won’t be enough to halt the economy’s downward spiral.

And if I’m right about that, there’s another implication: the ugly economics of the financial crisis will soon create some ugly politics, too.

Read it all.

Thursday, March 13, 2008

Be The Media
Several blogs have noted that the American public has not been paying attention to the Iraq war. So Juan Cole says to post this.

Here is what Professor Cole has to say.
f you’re reading these words, you are better informed about US casualties in Iraq than most Americans, for whom it has become a forgotten war. If it is not on television, it does not exist.

Why don’t bloggers do more posting of pieces like this AP video, below, about the 8 US troops killed on Monday. We are after all a tv network if we want to be.

Olbermann Special Comment 3/12/08

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Chicken Stock
There really is no right to making chicken stock but there is one major wrong. No cruciferous vegetables. This is the way I make it if I want to make something that stars chicken stock. Like chicken soup.
  1. A whole chicken
  2. Three carrots
  3. Three stalks of celery
  4. Two onions(quartered)
Take the whole chicken and remove the organs and neck. Place in a 12 quart pot with the celery, onion, and carrots. No need to peel the carrots or onion. Cover with water by two or three inches. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat to a simmer. Simmer for an hour. Let cool strain. Pick the chicken for use as salad or something else.

You can, of course, use parts. I think legs and thighs are best. The cartilage in them gives the stock thickness and richness. If you bone out chicken parts save the bones for stock. There is no right, just one wrong. No cruciferous vegetables.

Use any vegetable, except cruciferous. If you roasted a chicken, pick the bones of meat add carrots, onions, and celery and bring to a boil and the simmer. You will get a better stock than the canned stuff. Freeze until you need it.
Hamburger Supply
The slaughterer of downed and diseased cows testified in congress today.

WASHINGTON — The president of a slaughterhouse at the heart of the largest-ever meat recall denied under oath on Wednesday, but then grudgingly admitted, that his company had introduced sick cows into the hamburger supply.

He then tried to minimize the significance.

The executive, Steve Mendell, of Hallmark/Westland Meat Company of Chino, Calif., said, “I was shocked. I was horrified. I was sickened,” by video that showed employees kicking or using electric prods on “downer” cattle that were too sick to walk, jabbing one in the eye with a baton and using forklifts to push animals around.

I know I am sometimes hard on the democrats in congress, but the republicans would not have cared. After all they like waterboarding. People or cows they do not care.

The video was taken by an undercover agent from the Humane Society of the United States. One tape showed a worker using a garden hose to try to squirt water up the nose of a downed cow, a technique that Representative Bart Stupak, a Michigan Democrat who conducted the hearing, referred to as waterboarding